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Early Literacy



    Welcome to the 2017-2018 school year at Esparto Elementary School! My goal is to provide you with an online toolkit to both support and increase the reading success of our students! Happy reading!

    Reading Fluency


    More than just speed- A reader's fluency is based on what Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell call the six dimensions of fluency. Think of a spider web. All the dimensions of fluency are separate strands. Together, these strands develop an overall web of reader's fluency. Each strand is just as important & provides strength to the reader's ability to engage with a text, read with expression, and make meaning of the text being read.


    Pausing Using punctuation within the text (Stopping at periods, taking a short breath at commas, etc.)
    Phrasing Putting words together so they flow naturally (Making reading sound like a conversation)
    Stress Emphasizing particular words to show importance or emotion (louder tone for bold words)
    Intonation Changing the pitch or volume to show feelings, voices, or emotions (**expression)
    Rate Pace at which a reader moves through the text (Not too fast...not too slow) to maintain meaning. This can change throughout the text as you incorporate pausing, phrasing, and stress to make reading sound like a conversation. Overall rate is key.
    Integration Consistently incorporating all the above into meaningful, fluent reading


    High Frequency Words vs Sight Words



         Word acquisition is an important skill in reading & an important step in a reader becoming a fluent reader. Students need automaticity with recalling words to comprehend text. This allows them to free up their "working memory" to allow them to focus on the content. There are six syllable patterns in the English language as well as multiple spelling rules. While about 85% of words in the English language are phonetic & can be sounded out or follow English spelling patterns, the others simply do not follow "the rules" and must be acquired by memorization. These words are known as sight words. 

        High frequency words are words that are most frequency used within texts. These can be a combination of decodable, phonetic words that can easily be sounded out & sight words that do not follow typical English spelling or sound rules. High frequency words can also follow spelling or sound patterns that haven't been formally taught just yet, but can be found in the text your child reads.

        The ability to quickly read both sight words and high frequency words will increase a child's overall reading success. Spending too much time trying to decode an unknown word, especially a sight word, can cause the overall meaning, fluency, and comprehension of the text to be lost. 

    Katy Pineda, Early Literacy Teacher


         My name is Katy Pineda, and I am the early literacy teacher at Esparto Elementary. My five year old attends kindergarten here as well, and we couldn't be happier to call EES our school home. I am so excited to be working with such great students and staff! The best on the west! I strive to provide meaningful, small group reading instruction based on the needs of our student learners. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact me. Happy reading!


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